Home » History of Jewish Calendar

History of Jewish Calendar

Who are Jews or Jewish? 

There are so many religions and India like Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, and Christian. These are some of the most popular religions of India but we also cannot ignore Judaism. In recorded history, Judaism was the first foreign religion in India. The Ancestors of Jews arrived in India during the time of the kingdom of Jordan who was also known as the descendants of Israel’s ten lost tribes. According to record, the population of Jewish was 20000 in the mid-1940s, but from 1948 the population started to decline rapidly. 

The Jewish Calendar Structure

Used In Israel, Jewish Religion
Calendar Type Lunisolar
Accuracy 1 Day in 216 years
Number of Days  353,354, 355, 383, 384 , or 385 days long
Months 12

Leap Year 13

First Year  3761 BCE

History of Jewish Calendar

People belonging to Jewish communities follow their own Jewish or Hebrew calendar to determine all the upcoming religious events. As we know, the majority of Jewish life in Israel and they use the Jewish calendar for their civil purposes. Similarly, they use the Gregorian calendar too. 

Jewish is the Lunisolar calendar which follows the cycles of the Sun and Moon both. This calendar is designed for Jewish Holy Scripture too.  Just like the Gregorian and Julian calendar, it does not have a fixed 365 or 366 days in a year. 

Normally, the Jewish or Hebrew calendar can have 353,354, 355, 383, 384, or 385 days long. Calendars like Gregorian, Julian, Hindu, Islamic, and Buddhist Calendars have 12 months but in Jewish calendar has 13 months in the Leap year with 384 days. Some of the months have 30 days and some have 29 days.

Months In The Jewish Calendar
Month Name  Number Of Days
Nisan 30
Iyar 29
Sivan 30
Tammuz 29
Av 30
Elul 29
Tishrei 30
Marcheshvan (Cheshvan) 29 or 30
Kislev 30 or 29
Tevet 29
Shevat 30
Adar 29