What is the Islamic Calendar?
This Islamic calendar is also known as the Hijri calendar which is purely based on the lunar calendar. As it is a lunar calendar it follows the motion of the moon and it contains 12 months. Islamic or Hijri Calendar is mainly for Muslim religion which follows the Qur’an (Sura IX, 36-37 principals. Although most of the countries are following the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes this Islamic calendar is an official calendar for Muslim-oriented countries like Gulf especially Saudi Arabia.
Structure of Islamic Calendar or Hijri Calendar
Just like the Gregorian calendar, the Islamic calendar has 12 months with 29 or 30 days each. On the 29th day, the Crescent moon is visible just after sunset, the following day will be considered as the first day of the new month otherwise the 30th day is added to the current month. In the Islamic calendar, just like the Hindu calendar, the month name is different from the Universal calendar. Name of the twelve months of the Islamic calendar are:
- Rabi’ al-awwal (Rabi’ I)
- Rabi’ al-thani (Rabi’ II)
- Jumada al-awwal (Jumada I)
- Jumada al-thani (Jumada II)
- Dhu al-Qi’dah
- Dhu al-Hijjah
Special Date In Islamic Calendar 2021
Ramadan: April 13 – May 12, 2021
Eid ul-Fitr: May 13, 2021
Hajj: July 17 – 21, 2021
Eid ul-Adha: July 20, 2021
Islamic New Year: August 9, 2021 (1443 A.H.*)
Ashura: August 20, 2021
Mawlid an-Nabi (Prophet Muhammad’s birthday): October 19, 2021
Read More About : Hindu calendar or Indian Calendar
History of Islamic Calendar
The Islamic calendar has been in use since 622 CE. It came into existence when the Muslim Prophet Muhammad moved to Medina. This event was known as Hijrah, for that reason, it is also known as a Hijri calendar.
Christian calendar uses AD (Anno Domini) to design their calendar, as the same Islamic calendar uses AH or Hijrah which is a Latin term stands for Anno Hegirae.
The Persian and Islamic both the calendar began in 622 CE. It would not be wrong if we say both the calendar systems are otherwise underrated. Currently, most people use the Gregorian calendar which is based on the solar calendar but the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar that follows the movement of the Moon that’s why their year count differs substantially. For example, according to the Islamic calendar January 1st, 2020 will be the year 1441 AH which corresponds to the year 1398 in the Hijri calendar.